Flexion *

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Spine Flexion

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Description of Movement

  • Flexion of the spine (lumbar and thoracic) is the movement of the trunk (lumbar and thoracic spines) forward as in bending down to pick something off the ground TIP 171


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Range 90 degrees

  • Total 120° (70° – 90° true spinal flexion) from 30° of full extension to 90° of full flexion
  • Observe from the side and from the back

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  • Distance between wrists and ankles
  • Additionally draw an outline of the actual curvature in your client notes TIP 202
  • Alternative ways of Measuring  TIP 154

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ADLs affected by restriction

  • Standing for long periods
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Sitting for long periods

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Special Notes

  • Ensure even light TIP 116
  • Ensure proper alignment before starting test TIP 160
  • Consider eccentric contractions  TIP 117
  • Consider hip flexion  TIP 115
  • Spinal flexion also provides information on the length of the erector muscles and the length of hamstrings and sometimes the calf muscles
  • Observing from the side is important to check for abnormalities in the curvature TIP 106
  • Check the perfomance of the Gluteal muscles in combination with this movement   TIP 149

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