4021 Active Range of Motion (AROM)


A client may not be able to perform full AROM for a variety of reasons. Problems may include muscle weakness (agonist/synergist), soft tissue restriction (in the joint capsule or ligaments, or as a result of muscular contractures), or a bony blockage.

Full ROM with normal end feel requires that the joint capsule be free of motion preventing adhesions. Learn more …

Observation during ROM

It is important to observe the client throughout the whole procedure. In addition to checking how far the client can move a body part, also pay attention to the quality of movement.

Check for evenness of motion, signs of hesitation or pain, compensation in other areas or a lagging behind of the body part when compared to the other side. Learn more…


AROM only tells you whether the client can perform the movement or not! It does not provide information about what causes the lack of movement.

You may already know from the client interview that their movement is restricted.

In order to find out what stops the body part moving you have to cross reference AROM and PROM!

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